Jackery Portable Power Station-Explorer 160 Solar Generator

• Jackery is a USA company founded in California in 2012 which specializes in providing outdoor green power solutions.
• The Jackery Portable Power Station is designed for charging cellphones, tablets, laptops, and other smaller electronics because of its lithium-ion battery capacity of 167 watt-hours (46, 400 milliamp hours @ 3.6 volts ). As such, it provides eco-friendly clean power as it does not need any gasoline/diesel to power it and does not emit any fumes or produce a loud noise.
• It is good to power your outdoor activities such as hiking, backyard camping, backpacking, etc.
• There are three (3) ways to recharge the Jackery Portable Power Station, including:
1. You can recharge it using the wall power socket in your home if you are connected to the grid. A full charge takes about 5 hours.
2. Recharge it using the 12V/10A car cigarette lighter port. A full charge takes about 5 hours.
3. Recharge it using the 60W/100W Jackery Solar Saga solar panel (sold separately) or any other solar panel that is compatible with the Jackery Portable Power Station. A full charge takes about 8 to 10 hours depending on the weather.
4. Jackery recommends in case you use your own solar panel to make sure that the output voltage of the solar panel is between 12-30V to be compatible with Explorer 160 solar generator.

• Included with the Jackery Portable Power station is * Jackery Explorer 160 Portable Power Station (167Wh Portable Power Station), 1*AC adapter, 1* car charger cable, 1*DC to car adapter cable, an AC inverter(110V 60Hz 100W 150W Peak), and 1* user guide.
• The rated output power of the Explorer 160 is 100W and hence cannot power or charge devices that operate more than 100-watt. It powers smaller electronics: like smartphones, tablets, cameras, led lights, laptops, Mini-fridge, etc. It cannot support devices more than 100W such as CPAP, toaster, heater, hairdryer, electric drill, electric kettle, induction cooker, rice cooker, blender, etc.
• Specifications for Jackery Portable Power Station Explorer 160 are:

 Battery Capacity: 167Wh ( 11.6Ah, 14.4V) ;(46,400mah,3.6V)
 Input (DC 8MM): 12V~30V 42W Max
 1* AC outlet : 110V 60Hz Continuous 100W Peak 150W
 1* USB-C output port: 5V 3A
 2* USB-A output ports: 5V 2.4A
 1* DC Output port (6MM port): 12V/7A
 Dimensions: 7.40*4.59*6.73 in
 Weight: 3.97 lbs

Learn more about the Jackery Portable Power Station or buy it on Amazon.

Nature’s Generator System 1800W Solar & Wind Powered

This type of solar generator is hybrid in nature as it can allow you to connect to solar panels or wind power generators at the same time and enjoy the benefits of renewable energy. It is designed to have two ports and one of the ports is for solar panel(s) with an output of 100-watt while the second port can be used for the wind generator that can be purchased separately as well.

It also has a built-in 1800W Pure Sine Wave Inverter to provide quality power that can be used to power sensitive equipment like medical equipment, computers or an ideal solution for off-grid living, camping, RV’s/Vans, boats or generally used during power outages.  

The hybrid solar/wind generator comes with a Bluetooth application that can work with both iOS and android—useful for monitoring the charge in your battery or monitoring both the power produced by your solar panels and the wind generator. You can also monitor the runtimes for all the devices or appliances connected to the system.

The wind component of this hybrid power system makes it possible to continue using it during cloudy or at night when there is no enough solar. It comes with two types of the wind-turbine edition, that is:

Nature’s Generator GOLD System: Wind Turbine Edition with a total output of 1800 watt that includes one 100-watt solar panel with a battery capacity of 720-watt hour

Nature’s Generator PLATINUM System – Wind Turbine Edition: with a total output of 1800 watt that includes three 100-watt solar panels with a battery capacity of 1920 watt-hour

Below are the System Specifications

  • Generator Outlets/ Ports, Inverter & Battery –
  • Three 120V household AC outlets
  • Two USB ports (3A of combined power)
  • One 12V DC port (240W max)
  • Expansion Port: 200A Fuse
  • Charging AC Input (90W)
  • Solar Input (200W Max)
  • Wind Input (300W Max)
  • Generator Output Power: 1800W max
  • Generator Output Wave Form: Pure Sine Wave
  • Generator Output Voltage: 120V
  • Generator Output Frequency: 60Hz
  • Built-in 60Ah SLA battery (Keep plugged in or recharge every 2-3 months of non-use)
  • Built-in charge controller
  • Built-in low battery protection

Method cleaning products

Method cleaning products use plant-based and a few mineral-based chemicals in their formulation. Some of the mineral-based or synthetic chemicals used in the formulation of these products are used mainly as a pH adjuster or fragrance.

Method cleaning products are made with plant-based or biodegradable ingredients and packaged on recycled bottles ensuring sustainable design. Natural ingredients for these products are derived from plants such as corn and coconut or natural citric acids. According to Method, the formulations of their cleaning products utilize advanced green chemistry technologies to create strong and safe formulations that are good for their consumers and the environment.

Also, the formulation for different method cleaning products follows the precautionary principle i.e. if there’s a chance an ingredient isn’t safe, they don’t use it in the formulation. In addition, Method all-purpose cleaners undergo a 3rd party assessment where all method ingredients are rigorously evaluated by an independent material agency for health and environmental safety. Learn more here about Method cleaning products.

Portable solar generators

solar generator
Solar generator reviews

When comparing solar generators, it’s essential to get a sense of what those brands will offer.

There are many brands and models of solar generators, and here we capture the most popular brands with a range of solar generators either for providing portable power used to charge a wide range of devices or solar backup generators for emergency back-up and disaster preparedness. This solar generator review is for helping you figure out the specific features of different solar generator brands and models good for your research.

The development of solar generator technology has come a long way, and we have seen a tremendous improvement in the way solar generators work. We can now use solar generators as emergency back-ups for home, business, or even to power medical equipment in times of power outages or just for camping. Also, solar generators for home are excellent at being able to create a lot of different new opportunities for people who need many chargers.

Being able to travel for an extended period is much more comfortable in the age of solar generator for camping, even in a world where people always have to charge all of their devices and rely on a lot of technology.

A portable solar generator for a home will allow people to charge their devices at the right time. Solar generators for a home can be used to keep laptops, smartphones going by just turning those solar-powered generators to the sun.

Power Outages

For a lot of people, solar generators are particularly useful when power outages occur. People will need to keep all of these solar backup generator charged in the meantime to avoid running into a situation where nothing works. However, there are still plenty of solar backup generators that can charge relatively quickly. As such, this allows people the opportunity to truly get the best of both worlds about everything that they need when it comes to the solar power that they produce.

People can quickly charge some of their devices just in time for some power outage, or they can charge the devices outside as they wait for the power to come back on for them. At least they will be doing something to address the problem.

The people who have a wide range of different devices that are solar powered around the house will have an easier time managing to get ahead in the wake of a power outage. A lot of people will find it easier to prepare and cope with disasters using their solar panel generators.

Solar backup generator review  – Popular Brands of Solar Panel Generators

  1. Goal Zero

Many of the best solar generators on the market come from Goal Zero. This is a company that places a strong emphasis on making sure that the products and portable solar panels are straightforward to use. These devices are also known for being very versatile. This is also a company that has a lot of products that people might have a hard time finding from other companies, such as solar flashlights.

People should be able to get a lot of different solar generators for sale that they really need from Goal Zero.

solar generator

Many of the most highly rated solar generators and solar products are from the Goal Zero company, and this is something that a lot of people will be able to appreciate. They can look up a lot of different devices online, and the Goal Zero devices tend to show up over and over again in the lists of the products that will truly give people the best possible results.

Goal Zero has a lot of great models, including the Goal Zero Yeti 400 Solar Generator Kit, which offers continuous 300 Watts, is priced at 640 dollars, and works well for indoor use.

The Goal Zero Yeti 1250 XX-Large Solar Generator is another model that will come highly recommended from a wide range of different resources online.

Other solar panel generators from Goal Zero include Goal Zero Yeti 3000 and Goal Zero Yeti 150.

solar generator

The price range of solar generators from Goal Zero is extensive, which is one of the characteristics that a lot of people will care about the most when it comes to making the switch to solar power.

A lot of people are convinced that it’s always going to be a costly journey for them. As of 2020, a solar generator from Goal Zero could cost between 80 dollars and 1400 dollars. This is a tremendous level of variation in price, and it should allow people to make informed decisions as customers reasonably quickly in most cases.

2. Be Prepared Solar

There are many solar energy products available through Be Prepared Solar. Many of these products are distinguished by the fact that they have a lot of components.

Some individual parts are less expensive, and many of them are cheap enough that people will be able to afford them even if they don’t have much of a budget for solar panel generators.

solar generator

There are lots of variations in the price of the Be Prepared Solar products. One of the best models for the Be Prepared Solar company is the Portable 2500 Watt 200Ah Solar Generator, which costs 1800 dollars, offers 2500 Watts, and has a 12V/24V socket. However, as of 2020, people are still capable of actually spending around two hundred dollars on a Be Prepared Solar product, and this should make things easier for the people who are trying to find a way to get ahead in the world of solar power and solar generators.

3. Renogy

Renogy offers a wide range of different products for all users. People will be able to keep all of their Apple products charged, making it easier for them to more or less take care of all of their most pressing energy needs right away. Renogy will help people live off of the grid in a way that will be difficult for a lot of the other solar generators for sale that is on the market these days.

People should be able to find the solar generators that they need from Renogy, even if they want solar generators that will offer a truly impressive power output for them. There are lots of all-in-one solar kits available through Renogy.

The Renogy 100 Watt 12 Volt Solar Marine Kit is one of the best models from the Renogy brand. This is a model that will offer people 100 watts continuously and that will be able to easily give people the power that they need. This small model is very easy for people to carry, and you get solar generators for sale from Renogy through Amazon.com.

solar generator

Many of the devices from Renogy are relatively inexpensive. However, it is important for people to remember that they will need to take their actual energy needs into account as they calculate the Renogy brand devices and their power outputs. As of 2020, people can spend around 100 to 400 dollars on a Renogy product on average, and some of the smaller devices might be able to meet their needs while some of the larger devices might be unnecessary. It’s important for people to really get a sense of what they will truly need from a company like

4. Anker

Anker is a good example of a company that does not actually specialize in solar technology, but that is actually capable of giving people what they want with regard to all of their new solar-powered devices anyway. This is an electronics company in general, and people might not immediately know that they have all of these great portable solar generator devices. This electronics company has been around since the year 2011.

In that time, they have managed to create a great selection of devices, including solar-powered devices that will work for a lot of users. The Anker PowerPort 21W solar charger is one example of a solar charger sold by Anker. It’s a device that is capable of charging a wide range of different devices in its own right. As of the year 2020, this solar charger only costs less than 100 dollars, making it wonderfully inexpensive for the people who need something that is fairly basic on a long trip.

There are other advantages associated with getting an Anker device. People might be able to get a lot of different products there since this is not just a company that focuses on solar-powered devices.

solar generator

Check this article to find additional solar generators review. Also if interested in going green or you want to check out this solar panel calculator to go solar, click here. You can also learn about solar panel reviews here if you are interested in switching to solar.

Learn more about other models of portable solar generators from the following articles:solar generator

A review of solar water pumps with different uses.

solar water pumpHaving a solar water pump in your home is one of the best things, not only due to its efficiency but also because it can help you significantly save on costs. Solar water pumps have been around for years now, and a lot of people use them in their homes or businesses.

Using a water solar water pump can help you save on energy costs, and the fact that it’s environmentally-friendly makes it even more worth it. There are plenty of solar water pump brands on the market to consider. But how do you know the right brand to choose from? That’s a question we plan on answering here today.

Check out some of the popular solar water pump brands that you can easily find online for example on Amazon.com.

1. Lewisia 10W Solar Water Pump

    Lewisia solar water pumps are always the most ideal to consider. The Lewisia 10W solar water pump has a higher wattage rating and includes unique spray water patterns. It features interchangeable fountain heads that are suitable to customize what they create. The pump also has a longer cable length and a filter bag included.

    The filter helps to prevent dirt from blocking the pump. There’s also an included metal bracket, and there are two ways to install the solar panel. You can assemble it on the ground or use screws to mount on the wall. You can also use this model to water your backyard farming.

    The Lewisia 10W solar water pump helps you create a tranquil environment, and you can start hearing the running and calming water sounds in just minutes. The efficiency and affordability of this solar water pump make it ideal to consider. Learn more about this solar water pump on Amazon.com for more details.

    2. BACOENG DC 12V Ranch & Farm Solar Water Pump

      When it comes to choosing BACOENG solar water pumps, the DC 12V ranch & farm solar water pump is ideal. It features a 12V power, simple structure, and fewer components, plus it is effortless to maintain. Repairing this water pump is also quite easy since it doesn’t cost much.

      The BACOENG DC 12V solar water pump has a stable performance with less power cost, excellent anti-corrosion ability, and a larger flow. This solar water pump is suitable because it’s ideal for all the drainage of aquaculture graziery, drainage, mineral industry, industrial, and shipping.

      However, the drawdown of this solar water pump is that it’s not suitable to immerse into water for a long time. There are two types of the BACOENG DC 12V solar water pump, and they include:

      • The zinc plater BACOENG DC 12V solar water pump is not suitable for immersing into the water for a long time.
      • The stainless steel BACOENG DC 12V solar water pump has a filter screen made with aluminum.

      Both of the versions are powerful and easy to use, plus they have a large flow. They have a diverse power supply, which makes them suitable to use. Learn more about this solar water pump on Amazon.com for more details.

      3. ECO-WORTHY 100W Deep Well Solar Water Pump

        The ECO-WORTHY 100W deep well solar water pump is one of the best ECO-WORTHY solar water pumps. It features a large flow and is quite durable. The pump is made of high-strength stainless steel and comes with a full copper motor. The good thing about this solar water pump is that you can charge it anywhere you are. That means it is portable and you can carry it wherever you go.

        Therefore, you won’t have to use other energy sources, which helps you reduce consumption and energy conservation. However, the pump must not work without water for a long time, as it may lead the water pump’s lifespan to be shortened. Also, this solar water pump provides remote watering without electricity, which means you can use it in your garden, tank filling, and farm irrigation. It is highly recommended to regularly clean the solar water pump to keep it in good condition. Learn more about this solar water pump on Amazon.com for more details.

        4. ASC Solar Water Pump for Fountain Pool and Pond

          ASC solar water pumps have excellent features, and affordability is one of their best factors. For less than $100, you can get this ASC solar water pump on Amazon, which comes with battery/timer and LED light. It also has 3 operation modes which include:

          • 4-hour timer
          • Continuously on
          • Daily 4-hour timers for a variety of needs.

          It features a low voltage and a filter that recycles the same water. It is a fully-powered solar pump that works day and night, thanks to the LED and battery. It also comes with a 1-year warranty.

          Another thing that makes this solar water pump suitable is that it doesn’t produce noise. It has the sound of gentle running water when in use. An internal clock usually records the starting time, the fountain pump, and the light automatically turns on at the right time daily.

          5. Solariver Solar Water Pump

            The Solariver solar water pump moves a lot of water without the need to plug into the grid. It is an ideal water pump for water features, large fountains, aquaponics, hydroponics, streams, ponds, and waterfalls. You can also use this solar water pump in greenhouses, animal troughs, and rainwater collection.

            It is a durable, efficient, and submersible brushless magnetic pump. It has adjustable flow control, dry-run protection, and a removable pre-filter, which helps prevent debris from clogging the impeller. It’s not toxic to fish, frogs, or other aquatic animals. It is a 20-watt solar water pump.

            It has a simple plug and play feature that enables you to start pumping water faster. You won’t have to put up with any complicated hassling or rewiring of extension cords in your yard. Therefore, this Solariver solar water pump provides you with convenience. You can find this solar water pump on Amazon.com

            6. AEO 12V-24V 196 GPH Solar Water Pump

              solar fountain water pump

              The AEO 12V-24V GPH solar water pump is quite efficient and is specially designed for DIY projects. It is an ideal solar water pump for pond circulation, aquariums, greenhouses, aquaculture, boating, and solar education, among many others. The solar water pump also comes with a proprietary 2-pin waterproof connector, and you can also set it without much strain.

              This solar water pump can generate up to 200 gallons of water per hour under full daylight power. The good news is that it doesn’t require any wiring, and it is fully submersible in fresh or salty water. The pump has been specially designed with sturdy aluminum, which makes it quite durable and has a ground stake.

              It has a long 16-foot cord that provides you with excellent flexibility for placing the panel and pipe. The brushless motor is well made to provide 24/7 functionality for over 20,000 hours. You can find this solar water pump on Amazon.com

              7. Pumplus 12V 100W Solar Water Pump

                The Pumplus 12V 100W solar water pump has an efficient system that offers the best solution for remote watering without the need for electricity. You can use this pump in your garden, farm irrigation, or for filling your tank. It provides a large flow due to its 12V water pump max flow: 3 m³/h, large delivery volume, which helps it to deliver high pressure.

                It is a lightweight pump with a compact size that is easy to use and carry wherever you want. We highly recommend using a flexible hose since it makes it easier to operate it. Another thing that makes this solar water pump suitable is that it is easy to use. You can quickly hook it up to the solar panel, controller, battery, car, or a boat.

                It also features an update 2.0 controller with 4 working modes. The USB charge controller helps to protect the solar pond pump from working continuously. What’s more, it is a durable solar water pump. Learn more about this solar water pump on Amazon.com
                for more details.

                8. KKmoon Solar Water Pump

                  KKmoon solar water pump is a solar-powered fountain pump suitable for fountains, water displays, and waterfalls. This solar water pump runs automatically, which saves you time and alleviates all the hassle of trying to make it work.

                  It doesn’t require any battery or electricity because it is fully powered by natural light. It creates a relaxing environment in your garden and has 6 spray heads that you can easily replace. It is suitable for bird bath, small ponds, fish tank, oxygen water circulation, and garden decoration. It also includes a nozzle base and one adapter. Learn more about this solar water pump on Amazon.com.

                  9. SOONHUA 1200mAh Backup Battery Solar Fountain Water Pump

                    The SOONHUA solar water pump has a 1200mAh backup battery and is fully powered by sunlight energy. It doesn’t require external electricity to run, and if the power goes off, you can use its backup battery that can last up to 6 hours. It also has 6 different spray nozzles for providing different water patterns.

                    The solar water pump has a light sensor water level detector that automatically stops functioning at night. Also, when there isn’t any water, the pump automatically stops working to protect the motor. The good thing is that it doesn’t require a manual restart to run again.

                    You can use the SOONHUA 1200mAh backup battery solar water pump for various things such as fountains, fish tanks, and garden decoration, among many more. Learn more about this solar fountain water pump on Amazon.com.

                    10. Amarine Made DC 12 Farm & Ranch Solar Water Pump

                      The Amarine Made DC 12V farm & ranch solar water pump is made of motor that includes a rotor, bearing, and base, and its body has an impeller and mechanical seal. This pump is made of stainless steel and features the best electric protective device and a waterproof seal.

                      It is a convenient solar water pump with a simple structure, less components, and it’s easy to maintain and repair. The pump is made with high-quality materials resistant to corrosion that is durable and compact.

                      It is a coaxial machine with high mechanical efficiency and stability. Its stable performance makes it ideal to use, and the good thing is that it saves power. It applies the same voltage power, and you can use it in your garden, fish pond, and any other place. Learn more about this solar water pump on Amazon.com.

                      11. FVILIPUS Solar Fountain Pump

                        solar irrigation

                        FVILIPUS solar fountain pump has six (6) optional sprays that you can connect separately. It is effortless to install this solar water pump in your garden, swimming pool, pond, or terrace.

                        When using this solar water pump, your work becomes easy because you can quickly adjust the water’s height by changing the nozzle. It can easily float on water, and it also has a cordless design.

                        Since it doesn’t require electricity, it helps you save on energy costs. The pump can also inflate your water features, cool the surrounding environment, and provide a wonderful water fountain for your birds. Learn more about this solar water pump on Amazon.com.

                        12. XKTTSUEERCRR Solar Water Pump

                          The XKTTSUEERCRR solar water pump runs automatically and doesn’t require any battery or electricity. It works with full sunlight energy, and it can easily decorate your garden, pool, or aquarium. Its efficiency makes it worth the price, and eco-friendly design enables you to use it efficiently.

                          It has low carbon consumption, and you can put it in water without straining too much. It is easy to install this solar water pump, easy to use, and start within seconds. Therefore, the solar water pump is specially designed to make your work easier. Learn more about this solar water pump on Amazon.com.

                          In conclusion, solar water pumps come in all shapes and sizes and have different features and applications. When you’re planning on buying any solar water pump, you have to ensure that you check all the features that are included that will be ideal according to your needs.

                          Solar parts for your solar photovoltaics (PV) system

                          solar partsGlobal Solar Supplyis a company based in the US that supplies solar parts for solar installers and contractors in the US and beyond. Global solar supplyspecializes in the provision of solar panels, solar batteries, solar inverters and other accessories for the construction and maintenance of renewable energy systems throughout the USA and beyond.

                          Global solar supply purchase solar parts in large quantities to be able to offer its customers with good prices to save them money in their individual purchases. It is a cutting edge company and specializes in the supply of solar panels, systems parts and cables and is considered as one of the largest cross-sector suppliers of solar renewable energy systems in a wide range of industries, including the finance, construction and agricultural sectors.  This blog attempts to capture some of the solar parts for a solar PV system that you can search, buy at the website of Global solar supply

                          Solar Panels and other solar parts 

                          Solar panels are the main components for a solar PV system and the most popular solar panels include the monocrystalline and polycrystalline panels. Global Solar Supply has a vast variety of sizes and types from small to large, flexible to rigid with wattage ranging from 5 Watts to 360 Watts. The key attributes considered when buying solar panels are the solar panel efficiency, cost, warranty and technology type. Global Solar Supply has solar panels for on-grid and off-grid solar PV systems, including solar kits for pre-wired solar kits as well as RV and small off grid solar kits. Some of the solar panels supplied by Global Solar Supply include small solar panels with a capacity ranging between five (5) watts to 190 watts and large solar panels with a capacity of greater than 200 watts.

                          Solar inverters and other solar parts 

                          When solar power is produced by solar panels is in direct current (DC) and solar inverters convert it into alternating current (AC) that is required by homes and businesses. The most popular solar inverters include string or centralized inverters, micro-inverters and power optimizers. Global Solar Supply offers a wide range of solar inverters and accessories including micro-inverters, hybrid inverters, mobile rated inverters, inverter monitoring and hybrid inverters.

                          Solar batteries and other solar parts 

                          Energy storage or solar batteries is used to store excess solar power for your PV system for off-grid PV systems and on-grid PV systems for communities without net-metering. Net-metering allows stabilization of your PV system with the grid and can also be used as an excess storage option without the need for solar batteries. Global Solar Supply offers a wide range of solar batteries and accessories including but not limited to lithium-ion, flooded lead acid, AGM & GEL, BTS -battery temperature and sensor, cable and lugs, disconnects, battery enclosures, shunts, fuses, circuit breakers, battery chargers and battery isolators.

                          Solar racking and mounting solutions

                          Solar panels are usually not secured or attached to the roof directly but are mounted on solar racking and mounting solutions and angled to get the most sunlight exposure. Global solar supply offers solar racking and mounting solutions to help mount or secure solar panels to your structure, including but not limited to rails, end clamps, mid clamps, L brackets, mounts and flashing, Z brackets, TPM (Top of Pole Mounts), SPM (Side of Pole Mounts), grounding and bounding and cable management accessories.

                          Solar PV monitoring and other solar parts 

                          With today’s solar technology, monitoring of solar electricity is possible using metering and monitoring solar performance accessories. The performance of a solar PV system can be evaluated on a hourly, daily and yearly basis by monitoring how much solar electricity is generated by a PV system. If for instance, the solar performance of the solar panels starts to decline, this can be captured using the solar monitoring software. Monitoring software can also help to detect any defects in the PV system and can recommend repairs for the PV system. Global solar supply offers solar monitoring solutions from companies like Enphase which offer high quality, proven solar monitoring solutions alongside their inverter products.

                          Solar charge controllers and other solar parts 

                          Solar charge controllers are needed for PV systems with solar panels with a wattage of over five (5) watts to prevent overcharging of solar batteries by limiting the amount and rate of charge to your batteries. Solar charge controllers’ main function is to safely charge a solar battery at the correct charge rates protecting the battery from overcharging and they come in two basic types PWM (Pulse Wave Modulation) and MPPT (Maximum Power Point Technology). Both PWM & MPPT are widely used and have similar lifespans to preserve the life of PV batteries. Although, PWM charge controllers are an older technology and therefore cheaper compared to MPPT. Since, charge controllers can be used for several different applications, Global solar supply offer a wide selection of solar charge controllers as well as solar lighting controllers, AC chargers and other applications.

                          Three simple sustainable options for small businesses

                          sustainable optionsIt is always advisable to conduct a comprehensive audit to understand what sustainable options that would have high impact for your triple-bottom-line, however sometimes you just want to get started to enjoy the benefits of implementing sustainable options. To start with, you can consider doing projects that have a high probability of success or focus your efforts on projects that make good business sense i.e. good for the sustainability and profits of the company. This blog attempts to capture a few low hanging fruit sustainable options, especially for small & medium-size businesses that may be interested in implementing low-cost sustainable options to save money or time and material resources such as energy:

                          1. Plan an energy efficiency project. Small businesses may not have the finances to conduct a comprehensive energy audit that requires capital intensive modifications but could start with a walk-through audit to visually inspect each of the energy-using systems. Ideally, a walk-through energy-audit will perform a preliminary analysis of energy use or consumption to obtain the energy trends and patterns while benchmarking with other similar facilities. Small businesses can also consider performing a benchmarking audit which is faster because of the use of online tools such as the EPA ENERGY STAR portfolio manager. This online tool which is created by the EPA is a great tool that can be used to measure and track energy and water consumption, as well as greenhouse gas emissions. This tool is free to use and it is recommended for users to benchmark the performance of one building or a whole portfolio of buildings in a secure onlineenvironment. It is easy to use and it can be used to manage the energy use of any building.
                          2. Implement solar photovoltaics (PV) project: Most solar projects especially commercial solar projects can be capital intensive, but in most cases, companies don’t have to own the PV system using flexible financing mechanisms such as the power purchase agreement (PPAs) and leasing financing models that allow companies to buy solar power at slightly lower rates compared to utility rates. EnergySage which is an online solar marketplace is a great starting point that online users can be used to estimate their solar potential, savings and get financing for their solar energy projects. At EnergySageyou will also have access to multiple solar quotes from your local solar installers.
                          3. Consider using recycled paper for your office:Buying recycled paper may not have a direct impact on your bottom-line, but the indirect benefit this practice has on sustainability can be considered a high impact. Green America has made estimates for the sustainability impact of how recycled paper can have on environment and climate. According to Green America, recycled paper use saves resources and reduces the paper industry’s impact on the planet. For instance, using 100 % recycled copy paper instead of 100% virgin fiber paper saves: 100% of the trees, 31% of the energy, 53% of the water, and produces 39% less solid waste. In case, you consider, recycled paper, Amazon sells several brands of recycled paper. For instance, this example of 100% post-consumer recycled printer and copier paper for everyday use is made in the USA from recycled food and beverage containers and other paper-based printed materials.

                          These are just a few examples of low hanging fruit sustainable options that can be implemented by small or medium-sized businesses. Learn more about greening your business here for more details. To learn more for instance about energy audits and the concept of sustainable business or sustainability, check out the following books on Amazon.

                          • Handbook of Energy Audits 9th Editionto learn more about energy auditing in buildings and industry. Topics include energy assessment and computer software, etc.
                          • A circular economy handbook to learn more how engaged businesses are now increasingly re-thinking product design, material choices, business models and supply chains, and adopting the principles of the circular economy.

                          Steps to install renewable energy systems for your facility

                          renewable energyUnlike non-renewable forms of energy such as fossil fuels, renewable energy systems utilize unlimited resources that are replenished time after time. Most countries are endowed with renewable energy resources such as solar, wind, geothermal, small hydro, etc. Depending on what renewable energy resources are available in your location, it is important to determine their technical and economic potential before tapping the resource to produce energy such as heat, or electrical energy. This blog attempts to capture the steps to renewable energy for your home or business facility.

                          Steps to renewable energy systems

                          1. Determine your renewable energy potential
                          2. Assess the different renewable energy resources available to you based on location and site-specific parameters. For instance, biogas production is best suited for farms that regularly collect liquid, slurry, or semi-solid manure with little or no bedding.

                            Any site with water drops and flows; natural waterfalls, small weirs/dams, and industrial flows can be potential sites for small hydropower that can be obtained from the flowing water on your site. To get the renewable energy potential for small hydro, you can start by determining the head (the vertical distance the waterfalls) and the flow rate i.e. the quantity of water falling. To do this you can consult a small hydro specialist in your local area. We have captured below details on how to obtain a list of these renewable energy installers whether biogas or any other renewable energy installer.

                            When it comes to solar power, determining the potential to install solar panels is much easier than for bioenergy or small hydro because of the easy access to online solar calculators that make it much faster to calculate your site-specific solar potential. EnergySage has a platform where online users can just plug in the address of their home or business in the USA to obtain their solar potential instantly. To learn more about how you can obtain your solar potential despite your location, check this article. Also, you can get in touch with a local solar professional to schedule a solar assessment.

                            2. Energy efficiency first before installing renewable energy options Most countries have a good solar energy potential and hence solar power can be harnessed in almost every location on earth unlike wind, small-hydro or geothermal which are largely site-specific. However, before considering adopting a renewable energy system, it is advisable to perform an energy assessment of your home or business facility to understand your energy consumption profile. An energy audit will help to identify energy efficiency measures that can be implemented to reduce or eliminate any energy wastage. For instance, lighting system upgrades & controls (including LEDs) and buying or upgrading your home appliances to Energy Star appliances can result in huge significant savings for your home or business. Learn more here about energy efficiency.

                            3. Identify renewable energy installers, renewable energy rebates, and incentives for your local area USA residents interested in going solar can consider the EnergySage to obtain multiple solar quotes from pre-screened solar installers. SunPower has some of the best solar panels in the world and has expanded operations to Europe, Asia, Asia Pacific, Australia, Africa, and the Middle East. Also, solar Business Hub provides a directory with a list of solar installers around the world.

                            Renewable Energy Hub provides a platform for online users in the UK and USA for most renewable energy installers. For instance, Renewable Energy Hub USA enables people, communities, businesses, and institutions across America to connect with trusted, reliable advisers, and installers. Using this platform, you can learn all about current renewable energy technologies, energy-saving products, services, grants, federal and state incentives.

                            Find out from relevant government authorities about renewable energy incentives or grants that you can benefit from to help reduce the cost of your renewable energy system even more. The initial capital investment required for your renewable energy install can often be perceived as somewhat daunting, there are various ways to reduce it using tax incentives and rebates. However, every renewable energy project is different, find more about how to reduce for instance the cost of your solar panels. Learn more here.

                          Steps to going solar

                          going solar
                          An online solar panel calculator is one of the most common tools nowadays for consumers looking to go solar. Online solar tools have become mainstream in countries like the USA, Australia, UK, etc. enabling many online users to make online decisions to go solar. For instance, EnergySage has one of the most popular online solar calculators in the States, and millions of people use this platform each year to research and shop for solar through their network of pre-screened, local installers.

                          However, not all consumers have access to online tools to help them make online solar decisions because such tools require a lot of investment to create them. For instance, most of these tools have been developed or informed from solar mapping research conducted using Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) technology. These tools can determine the specific solar potential for rooftop solar for both residential and commercial places. The cost for LIDAR remains high and it will perhaps take time before it can be reduced.

                          Many solar consumers in countries without site-specific solar data can still determine their solar potential manually by performing a few calculations although it can be time-consuming and tedious. As such, this blog attempts to capture the process or steps for how to determine whether solar is right for your house or business, manually without the use of online solar tools which we promote here.

                          1. Determine the electrical load for your household or business
                          A very straight forward way to determine the electrical load for your household or business is from your monthly utility bills. You can pick out the number of kilowatt-hours of electricity consumed in your household on a yearly basis and then get the average by dividing by 12 to get the monthly electricity consumption and then divide that figure by 30 to get the daily kWh usage.

                          To be more specific, you can list all your heavy electrical appliances such as your refrigerator, washing machine, etc. Determine their wattage and how many hours are used by them to determine the number of watt-hours.

                          Once you complete this step, this will give you a general estimate of your energy consumption. At this point, you can decide whether you need to do something with regards to lowering your energy consumption by implementing energy efficiency measures. For instance, one of the low hanging fruits can be changing all your incandescent bulbs to LEDs. LED bulbs use more than 75% less energy than incandescent lighting which means you can save a huge significant of energy by just switching to LEDs if you are currently using incandescent bulbs.

                          2. Solar Insolation
                          Solar insolation is the incident solar radiation onto some object or specifically the measure of the solar energy that is incident on a specified area over a set period. Solar insolation
                          can be expressed in two ways, that is:

                          • Kilowatt-hours per square meter (kWh/m2) per day which represents the average amount of energy hitting an area each day.
                          • Watts per square meter (W/m2) which represents the average amount of power hitting an area over an entire year.

                          The importance of knowing the values of solar insolation at certain positions on the Earth is to help determine the size and output of your Solar PV system. As such, based on the solar insolation of your location, these values will help to determine the expected output for your solar panels and determine whether your specific location will be good for solar power. There are other factors such as obstructions to your rooftop like trees or building design that will affect solar insolation for your PV system.

                          There are various ways to determine solar insolation for your building ranging from weather databases in your area. As early mentioned on this blog, today there are various tools that use the LIDAR technology that has simplified this process. However, these tools are country-specific, but some tools like Google Project Sunroof are aiming to have global coverage to have online users just plug their address into the tool to determine solar potential. Google Project Sunroof in addition to providing with your solar insolation calculates how much money a user can expect to save yearly by making use of solar power

                          Until, we have a resource that can provide online users with specific rooftop solar insolation like the Google Project Sunroof, online users without this specific information can use for instance the Global Solar Atlas
                          which was developed by the World Bank and the International Finance Corporation (IFC) to support the scale-up of solar power around the world. The primary aim of this Global solar Atlas is to provide quick and easy access to solar resource and photovoltaic power potential data globally, at a click of a mouse.

                          The methodology for the Global Solar Atlas is location-specific that involves three main different models i.e. solar radiation model, air temperature model, and PV power simulation model. Solar radiation and air temperature modeling result in a series of pre-calculated data layers that can be retrieved at (almost) any location on the map. Additional information about a possible PV system type and configuration are used for the PV power simulation, which is calculated on-demand using Solargis internal algorithms and databases. For more information, see the details of the methodology of the Global Solar Atlas.

                          However, like every online tool, the Global Solar Atlas can only provide solar estimates and the figures you get are preliminary to provide you with an estimation about your solar potential. It is always advisable to obtain the final word of a licensed and experienced solar installer to make an actual assessment for your solar PV system. Online materials suggested on this platform only provide estimates. For instance, the objective of the Global Solar Atlas is to provide reliable introductory-level data to help policymakers, researchers, and commercial solar companies take better decisions. For project-specific analysis of large -power plants, the data available via the Global Solar Atlas is suitable only for preliminary analysis.

                          The Global Solar Atlas provides an opportunity to do site prospection and pre-evaluation of the potential of solar energy in different countries and areas. For instance, in our context, you can check the solar energy potential for a specific site for instance for your home or business. In this case, you can determine how much electricity will be generated and in what time. Also, analysis of the averaged solar radiation components for specific locations helps with planning and pre-evaluation of opportunities for solar energy projects.

                          3. Determine capacity of solar panels or how many solar panels you need
                          Once you have determined the solar insolation which is sometimes referred to as “peak sun hours” measured in kWh/m2 per day, it is easy to estimate the capacity of solar panels or how many solar panels are needed. The term “peak sun hours” refers to the solar insolation which a particular location would receive if the sun were shining at its maximum value for a certain number of hours. Each peak sun hour is defined as one hour when the intensity of sunlight (solar irradiance) reaches an average of 1,000 watts of energy per square meter (roughly 10.5 feet). Since the peak solar radiation is 1 kW/m2, the number of peak sun hours is numerically identical to the average daily solar insolation. For example, a location that receives 8 kWh/m2 per day can be said to have received 8 hours of sun per day at 1 kW/m2. Being able to calculate the peak sun hours is useful because PV modules are often rated at an input rating of 1kW/m2.

                          Also, there are various solar panels out there of different sizes ranging from 500-watt solar panels, 300-watt solar panels, 250-watt solar panels to 1watt solar panels, and so on. However, it is good to know what size of solar panels to pick depending on the size of your rooftop or anywhere that you want to place them to harvest solar energy.

                          Once you have estimated your average kWh used monthly in step one (1) above, it is easy to estimate the capacity of solar panels needed in your building. Let us say that you use an average of 1000kWh per month, to get the daily kWh usage divide 1000kWh by 30 to get about 34 kWh daily usage. Assuming you want to off-set the 34 kWh daily electricity usage with solar panels at 100%, using a 250-watt solar panel and your site location is getting 4 hours of sunlight per day that means 250W multiplied by 4 hours which is 1000 watt-hours per day or 1kWh a day.

                          Since you are consuming 34kWh daily, then you need 34 solar panels each with a 250-watt power rating. This is just a rough estimate and a lot of other factors such as cloud cover, system design, etc. will affect the sizing of your system. However, to help you make the decision to contact a solar installer in your local area, doing a preliminary feasibility study will help you to make a good decision on whether to pursue solar for your home or business. Other factors such as solar panel efficiency and whether your solar panels come with warranties are important while conducting your research.

                          Remember, the above example assumes you are going solar 100% however, considering you have a net-metering arrangement in your area, you can decide to off-set your current usage at 75%, 50%, 30%, and so on. For instance, if you decide to off-set your current electricity usage at 50%, this means 34kwh/day multiplied by 0.50 which is equal to 17kWh/day which means you will only need 17 solar panels each with a 250-watt power rating.  

                          Depending on the amount of electricity usage you want to offset using solar panels, you will probably need to invest in some additional equipment often referred to as balance-of-system
                          to condition the electricity, safely transmit the electricity to the load that will use it, and or store the electricity for future use. For off-grid systems or those not connected to the grid, you will need batteries and a charge controller to store excess power produced during the day and use it at night when there is no sunshine. Grid-connected PV systems you will need power conditioning equipment such as solar inverters to convert your DC generated power to AC to comply with your power provider’s grid connection requirements.

                          This article just provides the initial steps that can help you figure out how to go solar. To get specific information about solar panels and balance of system, please contact a solar installer in the local area. If you are in the USA, this solar resource can help you locate a solar panel cost calculator and obtain multiple solar quotes from your local area. Learn more here.

                          Five factors to consider when interested in renewable energy

                          renewable energy resourcesHere at reneenergy.com, we strive to provide information to help you with your going solar or other renewable energy options that are available to you. Most resources shared on our blogs are USA based and hence are specific to the US context.

                          However, we have received questions recently from people who are not from the USA about how to go solar specifically in their respective countries. As a result, this blog attempts to generalize some aspects of knowing how to adopt solar or other renewable energy technologies based on socioeconomic, clean energy technological options as well as policy and regulatory frameworks that affect how you benefit or install renewable energy technologies for your home or business. This particular blog will just capture these factors in general and we will attempt to be specific and capture more details in our future blogs:

                          1. Before adopting clean energy resources, you want to assess whether this is the right decision for your household or business. Any renewable energy option adopted is based on your energy needs and its applications and whether it makes economic sense. Environmental or sustainability reasons are other aspects that affect, especially businesses to adopt renewable energy in order to reduce their carbon footprint and help to achieve their sustainability goals. For instance, assessing whether solar is right for your home or business can be determined by how much you can save with going solar or whether you have a reliable source of power. Power outages are one issue that causes people and businesses to look for alternative sources of energy like solar plus battery energy storage. Many power outages occur during peak hours when there is very high energy demand that cannot be met by the existing capacity on the grid.
                          2. Many rural communities remain not connected to the grid due to the scattered nature of these rural communities. As a result, many private companies in the energy business may find it unprofitable to invest in building the grid infrastructure. As such, these communities rely on government or donors to build this infrastructure which may take years to construct and it requires a lot of investment because the grid has to be extended at long distances with scattered households. Renewable energy resources come in handy in such a context. Consequently, many governments and donor programs such as the World Bank targets these rural communities with clean energy solutions such as solar photovoltaics (PV). For instance, the World Bank has conducted various studies and implemented many programs for rural electrification using solar photovoltaics for years.
                          3. The policy and regulatory framework for renewable energy technologies vary from one country to another. For instance, some countries don’t have the net-metering policy—an arrangement for grid-connected solar photovoltaics that allows the solar host to obtain credit towards their electric bill by installing a bi-directional power meter. There are much other policy and regulatory issues that vary in from the country to country.
                          4. Renewable energy technologies have different characteristics that enable them to fit in different settings based on affordability, site-specific parameters, design, and energy requirements in question. For instance, because of the intermittent nature of solar/wind and perhaps not connected to the grid; a battery energy storage system may be needed in some cases.
                          5. The socioeconomic factors also determine the various types of renewable energy resources or sustainable technology that can be implemented, for instance, to solve lighting and cooking issues using clean technologies:
                              – Solar PV comes with different solar technologies to solve lighting and other energy needs.

                              – Biofuels including biodiesel and bioethanol provide cooking energy solutions and other clean energy solutions such as for productive use and agriculture. For instance, using sustainable biofuels to power gen-sets for pumping water or irrigation.

                              – Wind-powered solutions for residential, commercial and farms in the rural areas.

                              – Energy efficiency solutions for homes and commercial places.

                          Lithium-ion batteries for your solar PV system

                          Lithium-ion batteries are now widely used in very many applications and hence are becoming an everyday part of our lives. These applications include but not limited to laptops, electric vehicles to stationary and building-sized applications. This rapid change has been enabled by the reducing price of lithium-ion batteries which has dropped more than 70% between 2010 and 2016. 

                          Battery electricity storage (BES) using lithium-ion batteries seem to have a similar story of price reduction just like solar photovoltaics (PV) which dropped in price with over 60% in the last decade. As a result, solar + storage is now a common product sold to businesses and homes by solar companies such as Tesla that are able to provide the Tesla power wall and solar panels. Other quality solar battery power systems offering reasonable prices are the Enphase AC Battery and SonnenBatterie Eco.

                          The lithium-ion batteries are the new generation of battery energy storage advancing from the traditional lead-acid based deep cycle battery technology. Lead-acid batteries are widely used in many sectors because they cost less upfront, but they have a shorter lifespan and require regular maintenance to keep them running properly unlike lithium-ion batteries which are more expensive up front, but maintenance-free and have a longer lifespan. According to EnergySage, a lead-acid battery system cost a few hundred or thousands less than a similarly sized lithium-ion setup. Lithium-ion batteries for solar power systems can cost anywhere from $5000 to $15000 including installation and this is dependent on the size of the PV system.

                          Based on chemistry there are various types of lithium-ion for battery electricity storage that are produced by different battery manufacturers such as Discover, SimpliPhi, etc. The term “lithium-ion” refers not to a single electrochemical couple but to a wide array of different chemistries, all of which are characterized by the transfer of lithium ions between the electrodes during the charge and discharge reactions. Li-ion cells do not contain metallic lithium; rather, the ions are inserted into the structure of other materials, such as lithiated metal oxides or phosphates in the positive electrode (cathode) and carbon (typically graphite) or lithium titanate in the negative (anode). Lithium-ion chemistry combinations include Lithium Ferro Phosphate (LFP); nickel manganese cobalt oxide (NMC);lithium manganese oxide (LMO ), nickel cobalt aluminum oxide (NCA) and lithium titanate (LTO). Generally, the various material combinations or chemistry of lithium-ion batteries yield unique performance cost and safety characteristics.

                          The different chemistries allow for battery energy storage optimization to meet various performance and operational objectives (IRENA, 2017). As such, different electrode or electrolyte selections may be used to design for different applications where reduced costs or high power or high density is required. For instance, lithium titanate (LTO) batteries have very good thermal stability, long cycle life-time, high rate discharge capability and has no solid electrolyte interphase issues (IRENA, 2017). However, LTO batteries will be cost-prohibitive because of the high cost of titanium and will have reduced cell voltage and low energy density compared to lithium nickel manganese cobalt oxide which can be tailored for high power or high energy stable thermal profile and can operate at high voltage.

                          EnergySage Buyer’s Guide for Solar Batteries

                          EnergySage has prepared a comprehensive solar batteries guide where consumers can browse hundreds of solar batteries from top manufacturers around the world. Solar batteries can provide numerous benefits, especially for property owners in areas that experience demand or time-of-use charges or where net-metering policies are limited in terms of compensation from the grid. Essentially, electricity demand tracks the total amount of energy that is being consumed at a given time. The more devices using electricity at the same time, the higher the customer’s demand charge.

                          As such, solar batteries can reduce demand charges and provide resiliency, while adding value to solar installations at the same time. When you install a solar battery alongside a solar panel system, you can store extra solar electricity produced by your panels for later use after the sun goes down. Learn more about other aspects of going solar such as obtaining solar quotes and using the EnergySage buyer’s guide for solar panels, solar batteries, and solar inverters. See this solar resource for more details.


                          Reference:

                          IRENA (2017), Electricity Storage and Renewables: Costs and Markets to 2030, International Renewable Energy Agency.

                          Why energy storage systems make sense for renewables

                          energy storage systems

                          Energy storage systems enable the ability to store excess renewable electricity for use at a later date. For instance, when it comes to solar power, energy storage is used within off-grid or hybrid solar power systems, which require power to be used at night when there is no sunlight or as a backup solution during power outages.
                          There are various technologies for energy storage depending on how energy is stored for later use, including but not limited to pumped-hydro, compressed air, flywheels, batteries, and thermal energy storage. In addition, new energy storage technologies are currently under development such as flow batteries, supercapacitors, and superconducting magnetic energy storage. You can learn more about these energy storage systems at EPA.gov.

                          Batteries as energy storage technologies are becoming increasingly important to the power industry and for powering electric vehicles. One of the batteries that have become widely used is the lithium-ion battery which has been implemented in many locations, especially in the USA. The Tesla Gigafactory is one example where batteries are produced for energy storage systems for solar PV systems and electric vehicles. As such, solar produces clean energy during the day and Tesla’s Powerwall can store energy to power your home at night or during an outage.

                          When it comes to batteries, there are various types of battery storage systems that use different technologies based on chemistry that enables energy storage capability. For instance, solar batteries used to store excess solar power include four (4) types of batteries, including AGM, GEL, Flooded, and Lithium-ion batteries. These solar batteries use different chemistry or chemical composition to enable energy storage capability. For example, lithium-ion batteries as a group have the advantage of high specific energy as well as high energy and power density relative to other battery technologies because of their chemistry. Lithium-ion batteries usually have a cathode made of a lithium metal oxide, while the anode is often made of graphite.

                          The advantages of Li-Ion batteries are that they last longer, are more efficient, have a greater energy density, and require no maintenance compared to traditional lead-acid batteries. Great applications for li-ion batteries include backup energy storage for residential and commercial places. Lithium-ion batteries are also used by installers and power utilities to ensure a long-term, hassle-free, emergency backup power supply. In general, energy storage has become an important component for variable renewables such as solar and wind to enable excess power to be stored in batteries when solar or wind generation is high to be later used when power generation is low.

                          Against this background, this blog attempts to capture about four (4) reasons why energy storage systems are increasingly used with renewable energy systems:

                          energy storage systems

                          1. The reducing cost of energy storage systems and the increasing demand of variable renewable energy

                            Because of the increasing demand of energy storage technologies, their cost has been falling rapidly and by the year 2030, IRENA estimates that the installed cost of battery storage systems could fall by over 50%. The declining cost in the wind and solar and the increased focus on adding renewables to the grid is driving the interest to lower the cost of energy storage. For instance, the price of lithium-ion batteries has fallen by about 80% over the last five years according to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) enabling the integration of storage into solar power systems. Also, there has been a tremendous increase in the amount of energy storage that is been deployed. A market research firm, Wood Mackenzie Power and Renewables has forecast that energy storage systems will increase to top 5.4 gigawatts and the market value is forecast to increase from $720 million today to $5.1 billion in 2024.

                            energy storage systems

                            2. To increase solar and wind penetration in the grid

                              With the increasing penetration of renewable energy into the grid, energy storage has become an important component for variable renewables such as wind and solar. Utilities are using energy storage systems to counter the intermittent nature of variable renewable energy. Energy storage systems store excess electricity during off-peak periods and use it when the demand for electricity is high. Using energy storage systems help to stabilize the grid with the increasing penetration of variable renewable energy.

                              3. To reduce time of use (TOU) charges and other charges

                                Energy storage for renewable energy consumers can help to save more energy when the utility bill charges such as consumption, demand, and time of use (TOU) charges are well applied and understood. Energy storage systems can help to reduce demand charges by charging for instance batteries when the demand at the facility is low and discharging when the demand at the facility is peaking or high i.e. applying peak saving. Also, energy storage can reduce TOU charges by charging when the energy cost is low (e.g. in the middle of the night) and discharging when the energy cost is high (e.g. late afternoon). By reducing demand charges and TOUs, renewable energy consumers can reduce their utility bills significantly by charging and discharging when it is needed.

                                4. To reduce greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuel sourced electricity

                                  energy storage systems
                                  Energy storage can allow renewable energy consumers to displace more fossil fuel sourced electricity by storing any excess power generated during the day in the case of solar power and discharging during peak hours when it is highly needed. New energy storage systems can allow storage of electricity generated from wind and solar on shorter time frames to smooth variability, and on longer cycles to replace even more fossil fuels. For instance, new energy storage systems like flow batteries have relatively little degradation of their fluids or electrolyte solutions giving them longer charge-discharge cycles and longer life spans. They can also be scaled to match growing needs relatively by increasing the amount of fluid in the tanks. As such, reducing electricity sourced from fossil-fuels or reducing fossil fuel dependence will eventually help to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs).