Solar generation informed using machine learning.

solar generation

For those of you who have been following the development of solar power production, there is a new trend in forecasting– machine learning. Machine learning has become popular for all kinds of purposes; from predicting movie box-office success to identifying spam emails. So what can it do for a solar forecast? The answer may surprise you: actually predict how much solar power will be produced.

You can’t predict with certainty what the weather will be, but you can make an educated guess. It’s the same for solar forecasting: you can’t predict the future, but you can make an educated guess.

There are many drivers of the price of renewables; from weather to grid storage prices. In order to predict how much solar production can rise or drop in the next few months, one would need good data on all of these drivers, and a lot of data. The problem is that solar power systems cannot be predicted with the same accuracy as electricity or gas prices- there are simply too many factors in play.

The good news is that machine learning has been able to predict other types of renewable energy production when combined with meteorological variables like wind speed over time and solar radiation data. This algorithm uses a time series forecasting model to predict solar energy production and it has been so successful in predicting wind power and now scientists are testing whether they can use machine learning for the solar forecast as well.

One of the most interesting aspects about this prediction system is how accurate it can be with an error rate of just ±0.02% which is impressive considering the inaccuracy of other solar models that can have an error rate as high as ±50%.

The bad news is that the solar energy production predictions are not as accurate in other parts of the world. Scientists have found that this accuracy only applies to places with high solar irradiation, which makes up about 20% of all land on Earth. The algorithm can also be affected by cloudy days and it does not account for factors like the amount of forest cover.

This type of forecasting is an exciting development for solar energy investors who are looking to get the most out of their investments with more accuracy and less risk. The forecasts help them plan when they should install panels or large-scale solar power plants in order to maximize their profits from renewable energy sources like wind, water, and solar power.

The forecasting algorithms can be used in conjunction with other data points like temperature, humidity, and cloud cover to predict the most likely time for increased solar generation potential. For example, if there are forecasts of a high level of solar radiation combined with low amounts of cloud cover in a particular region on one day but not on another day, the solar energy investors would know that it is more likely for panels to produce a high level of power on the first day.

Machine Learning Predictions: Machine learning, also called deep learning in some contexts, has been used successfully by many organizations including Google and Facebook to make predictions about outcomes like language translation or user preferences. In this case, machine learning can be used to predict the most likely time for a high level of solar power generation.

Benefits: With this type of forecasting, investors have more certainty around when they will receive revenue and could make better decisions about how much energy to buy in advance or whether or not it is worth waiting until later that day. Additionally, grid operators may have more information about when demand could be at a peak and might be able to better decide on how much power is needed from other sources.

What is solar forecasting?

Solar forecasting can be used to forecast solar power production. Solar forecasting is a computer-based system that calculates the amount of sunlight received by an area and based on this information it forecasts or estimates how much electricity will be generated in that location over a specified period (e.g., hour, day). Solar generation refers to the conversion of light into electricity.

Forecasting solar power production is not a new concept, but in the past, it has been done by humans based on what they could see and feel during their work shifts. The human-based system had its limitations which included that it was subject to personal judgment, or limited information because of time constraints for observation periods. Forecasters of solar power production relied on data from a variety of sources, including weather reports and measurements taken at various locations across the grid.

With an increase in renewable energy generation technologies like solar panels, there’s been a need for more advanced forecasting systems that can handle the variability inherent with these types of generators.

There are two main types of solar forecasting systems, one that relies on the data generated by solar panels themselves and another which uses satellite imagery to predict generation.

The first type of forecasting system is called direct imaging. This is a technique whereby solar panel outputs are captured directly in order to forecast power output or production based on factors like shading from clouds or nearby buildings. The second type is indirect solar forecasting. This is a technique that relies on satellite images, with the assumption being made that if there’s more sunlight reaching panels then generation will be higher.

Ultimately, both types of forecasting are useful but it’s important to note their inherent limitations in terms of accuracy and type of information available – direct imaging systems work best for predicting power output, while indirect forecasting systems are more suited to predicting solar production.

A solar panel can generate electricity when sunlight shines on it. Direct imaging systems rely on the current and voltage from a single solar panel to forecast how much power is being generated by that particular module, while indirect forecasting relies on satellite images with assumptions made about shading or reflection of light based on the angle between a nearby building or clouds in order to estimate the solar PV generation for an entire field of panels.

Hence, both types of forecasting are useful but it’s important to note their inherent limitations in terms of accuracy and type of information available – direct imaging systems work best for predicting power output, while indirect forecasting systems are more suited to predicting production.

Two types of solar forecasting

  1. Direct imaging

Direct imaging solar forecasting is an approach that uses solar features, like sunspots and flares, to produce forecasts. The technique was developed in order to provide a way for generating accurate predictions of solar power production by utilizing data from satellites. This type of forecasting is also used as a tool for predicting volcanic eruptions since they have been linked to changes in the number of sunspots.

In direct imaging solar forecasting, images are taken from satellites in space to view features on Earth’s surface at different times and distances with respect to one another. In this way, it is possible to predict when a given eruption will occur as well as how much ash might be produced by an erupting volcano.

Direct imaging solar forecasts are generated through images taken from satellites in space to view features on Earth’s surface at different times and distances with respect to one another.

The use of direct imaging solar forecasting is an effective way for generating accurate predictions of solar power production since it utilizes data collected by the sun-watching satellite, NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory, which gathers information about eruptions on the sun, solar winds and other space weather events.

It’s possible that machine learning algorithms can be applied to this data to predict future solar activity based on how it correlates to past activity.

solar forecastingMachine learning algorithms, which can be trained to recognize patterns in data and then use these patterns to make predictions about future events or situations that have not yet occurred, are used for a limitless number of purposes including predicting traffic conditions on the way home from work, recognizing credit card fraud earlier than humans can do so by looking at transactions, and more.

A solar forecast generated by a machine learning algorithm could make it possible to plan for the future of renewable energy, such as predicting how much power will be produced from solar panels over time or when the electric grid might need extra support during periods of high demand.

Machine learning is a technique for improving the performance of certain tasks by “learning” from examples, without being explicitly programmed where to look for patterns in data or which rules to follow. The machine can then make predictions about future events based on these observations. Machine learning has been around since at least the 1950s but it has only recently been used in solar forecasting.

Machine learning has two properties that make it especially well-suited for predicting the future: data availability and computational power. Machine learning works by automatically finding correlations in large datasets, without any human input on potential relationships between variables or what patterns might exist. It can also run computations to test all possible scenarios for various inputs, which is necessary when solar forecasting because there are so many variables.

The first machine learning algorithms applied to solar power generation prediction were those that used similar weather data from the same geographical location. These models use a regression model, in which all previous instances of past and current weather conditions can be plotted as points on a map. Linear regression model can be applied to the points on a map, and it will find linear relationships between data.

For example, if you were looking at solar power generation from previous years in New York City, you might see that there is a linear relationship between temperature levels (high) and solar output over time (higher). This means that if it is a hot day, there is likely more solar power being generated.

The second type of machine learning algorithm used for predicting solar generation use neural networks which are algorithms that can learn by example and do not need to be programmed with rules or given examples (by looking at past data) to predict future incidents. Neural networks usually have three layers: an input layer, a hidden layer, and an output layer.

The input layers take in data (in this case solar power production) from the past to find patterns that are linear relationships between temperature levels (high) and solar output over time (higher). The neural network then predicts what is likely to happen when it takes in new data.

In the case of solar forecasting, weather will still be a factor in determining what type and how much power is generated from generation stations (factors like clouds can block solar energy). However, neural networks are able to account for other external factors that affect solar production which could include humidity levels or wind speeds. The forecasted data is then used by grid operators to determine the power supply needed for different times in the day.

The neural network is able to take into account weather and other factors that affect solar production, which allows it to generate forecasts with more accuracy than a traditional forecast method (such as extrapolating from past data). Solar forecasting can be used as an early warning system for grid operators to take measures to ensure power supply.

2.Indirect solar forecasting using weather forecasts

The indirect solar forecasting method is used by many meteorologists to predict the sunniest day of the year, which can then be factored into more accurate predictions. For example, in London, it has been found that a forecast for an 80% probability of high pressure on a given Monday makes 78% confidence in the sunshine on that day

Indirect solar forecasting is based on empirical observations of the climate, and it relies heavily on weather forecasts which are then extrapolated to give a prediction for solar power production. The main weakness of this method is the assumption that sunny days will continue in the future as they have done historically; however, recent research shows that solar power production has been increasing by about 0.75% every decade for the past 40 years.

solar generation

The indirect solar forecasting method is used by many meteorologists to predict the sunniest day of the year, which can then be factored into more accurate predictions. For example, in London, it has been found that a forecast for an August day is likely to be good if the August 13th forecast was sunny, but not so accurate for other days.

The main problem with this method is that it only provides one prediction per year and does not account for variation in solar power production from year to year due to factors such as extreme weather events or changes in atmospheric conditions. This is where machine learning can prove useful.

In order to predict solar power production, AI models could be trained on historical data of solar energy generation as well as other factors such as temperature and wind speed. A supervised neural network would then be used to analyze these inputs in a given year and make predictions about the future based on how it has previously correlated with solar power production.

In the future, AI could be used to make accurate predictions about solar power generation so that utilities can take appropriate measures such as storing extra energy or increasing consumption based on whether there is an expected surplus in supply or not.

This would also help customers who have access to a variety of providers for their electricity in order to be able to use the best provider for their needs.

Neural networks could also help predict solar production based on historic data and other factors such as temperature and wind speed so that utilities can take appropriate measures such as storing extra energy or increasing consumption based on whether there is an expected surplus in supply or not. This would also help customers who have access to a variety of providers for their electricity in order to be able to use the best provider for their needs.

Forecasting solar generation

Solar forecasting is used to predict the amount of solar power generation in a given period. Forecasting allows for the optimization and coordination of electricity production, transmission networks, and consumption patterns.

Researchers at the University of North Carolina have found that machine learning can forecast solar power generation with errors of less than 30%. To do this they created an artificial neural network and trained it to predict solar power generation. The network was trained on the data from 2000-2015 and had a mean error of only 29% in predicting future solar production for 2016, with even less errors during periods when there are more measurements.

The utility of this forecasting system, if it can be reliably applied to data going forward, is that it could help grid operators plan for periods when solar power generation exceeded demand. Forecasting solar production in advance will also allow renewable generators to adjust their output up or down depending on available space and the time of day.

The team hopes that their system can be used as a forecasting tool for solar power generation in the future.

Machine learning and solar forecasting.

– Solar forecasting is the prediction of solar power production in a given time and location as input for decisions that depend on it.

solar generationMachine learning can be used to predict solar power production, but there are challenges such as data availability with unforeseeable events like weather changes or sunspots.

– The following factors can be used to predict solar power production:

o Solar irradiance and insolation

o Wind speed, humidity, and precipitation

o Temperature (day/night)

The best time period for predicting solar generation in a specific location is from about one day to two weeks. For longer ranges, other inputs are needed.

– Solar forecasting is an important part of solar energy planning and it can help to predict system performance, route power, and avoid blackouts or brownouts.

– Machine Learning algorithms are good at predicting data with a linear relationship between input and output such as the production volume from mining machinery but not for solar power generation which depends on solar irradiance.

Machine Learning can be used to predict solar power production when the relationship between input and output is linear, such as predicting energy use from weather data or other related factors.

– When the relationship between input and output is not linear, machine learning algorithms cannot make predictions accurate enough for decision-making purposes with statistical significance.

There are many solar forecasting algorithms, some of which use machine learning.

Machine Learning is good at predicting data with a linear relationship between input and output such as the production volume from mining machinery but not for solar power generation which depends on solar irradiance. Machine Learning can be used to predict solar power production when the relationship between input (solar irradiance) and output (solar power production) is linear.

Solar PPA: The solar PV power purchase agreement contract allows the homeowner or business to produce their own electricity from a renewable energy source like solar, wind, biomass, or geothermal at a fixed rate for 20 years.

The installation typically costs between $0.50 and $0.75 per watt, which is usually financed with a 20-year loan at an interest rate of less than half the cost of utility power.

Solar Power: Solar power or solar energy refers to the conversion of sunlight into electricity through photovoltaic cells or mirrors that capture and focus light onto a small area.

The government has been investing in solar power to reduce the country’s greenhouse gas emissions.

Solar Forecasting: Machine learning can be used to predict solar production by analyzing historical data and predicting future trends based on current conditions, such as photovoltaic cell efficiency or weather patterns.

Many people think machine-learning algorithms are better for forecasting solar power than using humans because they don’t require energy and are more accurate.

Machine Learning: Machine learning is a field of computer science that uses statistical techniques to give computers the ability to “learn” without being explicitly programmed.

It has many practical applications ranging from automated speech recognition, natural language processing, image classification, pathfinding, and machine translation.

Machine Learning uses past data to make predictions about the future.

This is often accomplished by using a “machine learning algorithm” that automatically learns from experience; for example, a spam filter gets better at filtering out spam emails as more of them are received through email software on your computer or phone device. Machine and Deep Learning are often used interchangeably.

Machine learning is a collection of algorithms that have the capability to make predictions on new data sets, which was not included in their previous experience. The machines can then classify these observations into one or more categories and use it for predicting future outcomes without being explicitly programmed how to do so.

Machine learning processes and a and a deep learning processes are often used generation

Deep Learning is a type of machine learning, which can be applied in any field that relies on data. It’s the most popular form of AI and has been widely adopted by both private companies as well as government agencies like Facebook, Google and Microsoft.

Machine learning includes statistical methods for pattern classification and regression, as well as neural networks and support vector machines.

The power of machine learning is the capability to make predictions on new data sets, which was not included in their previous experience. The machines can then classify these observations into one or more categories and use them for predicting future outcomes without being explicitly programmed how to do so.

According to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, solar forecasting is “a statistical technique for predicting future behavior based on past events.” Solar power production models are an example of a method used in solar forecasting. It’s important because it enables producers and consumers of electricity to plan better for fluctuations in supply that occur due to things like weather or time of day.

The machine learning process breaks down into four steps: preprocessing, training, validation, and testing. The first step is to remove any data that could have biased the results of the experiment or algorithm in some way from the dataset being considered for analysis. This includes things like outliers (data points not near others) or undesirable data (noisy data).

The next step is to train the algorithm on sets of labeled and unlabeled training data, with labels assigning different values or categories. The goal for this process is to teach the machine how to learn from patterns in order to recognize new ones when they occur. This can be done through a variety of methods such as supervised learning (training on labeled and unlabeled data) or unsupervised learning (learning from just the raw dataset).

In step three, validation is used to measure how well a machine can recognize new patterns. This could be labelled as “testing” in some contexts. The goal of this process is to test whether the algorithm can recognize patterns in the same way that humans do.

solar generation

In step four, the final stage is to deploy a machine learning model into production. This means exposing it to data from an operational environment and measuring how well it performs as compared with existing models or approaches. The goal of this process is for the deployed model to improve performance against the goals set for it.

In this process, the machine continues to learn from operational data and improve its performance over time as new patterns are recognized or old ones become obsolete.

The solar forecasting can be done by using supervised learning (training on labelled and unlabeled data) or unsupervised learning (learning from just the raw and

The machine learning algorithms that I have described in this post are just a few examples from the field of solar forecasting. There are many other techniques and methods for predicting solar power production, such as neural networks or deep learning, which is still in the development phase but have shown great promise so far.

Below are some examples of the solar forecasting models and their performance:

– Naïve Bayes with data from 2012 to 2016 gave an accuracy of 60%. It is based on both location and time. The model provided predictions for a given day as well as a forecast for the next six days, depending on when it was run. A limitation of this model is that it assumes data from the past will be representative for the future.

– Decision Tree with a dataset spanning three years achieved an accuracy of 74%. The predictions were more accurate earlier in the day or when there was sun present, which indicates how important solar radiation levels are to predicting power production. However, decision trees require a lot of computing power, which makes them difficult to implement into a live forecasting system.

– Random Forest with data from 2012 to 2016 achieved an accuracy of 68%. This model is based on the number and location of solar panels as well as geographical features like hills that can block sunlight. Like decision trees, random forests need powerful computers to run.

– Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) data can be used to predict solar power production but its accuracy is reduced because it does not account for the time of day or sun position, which are crucial factors in predicting electricity generation.

1800w solar generator

Grid stabilization with increased renewable energy.

AI and solar PVWith the growing environmental concerns about climate change and the need for decarbonization, many private sector organizations, governments, and civil society have committed to a 100% renewable energy future.

As of late 2016, more than 300 cities, municipalities, and regions including Frankfurt, Vancouver, Sydney, San Francisco, Copenhagen, Oslo, Scotland, Kasese in Uganda, Indonesia’s Sumba island and the Spanish Island of El Hierro have demonstrated that transitioning to 100% RE is a viable political decision.

It is no doubt such ambitious targets to transition to 100% renewables will require new tools, concepts, and technologies to cope with the increased penetration of intermittent renewable energy into the grid. The good news is that technological developments, in the artificial intelligence and analytics space have already created tools and solutions needed to enable the decarbonization of the economy according to the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA).

As such, the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) has developed solutions in its recent report on the “Innovation Landscape for a Renewable Powered Future” which provides a toolbox of solutions for policymakers and guidance on how to apply them system-wide in a coherent and mutually-reinforcing way.

In particular, these solutions center around the application of digital technologies such as Artificial Intelligence (AI), big data and analytics in increasing flexibility in the system for larger integration of renewable energy.

According to IRENA, Artificial Intelligence (AI) and big data, the Internet of Things and batteries are innovative solutions that will enable massive solar and wind use and amplify the transformation of the power sector based on renewables.

Why AI, Big-Data, and Analytics?

The increasing electrical loads such as electric cars, energy storage (batteries or pumped hydro) as well as decentralized renewable energy power such as rooftop solar PV systems, commercial solar, and wind power systems will need a more stable grid or a smart grid.

A smart grid is able to learn and adapt based on the load and amount of variable renewable energy put into the grid as a result of having lots of rooftops solar PV, other extra loads to the grid such as electric cars, energy storage (batteries and pumped hydro) and increasing decentralized intermittent renewable energy.

AI and Internet of Things

Without a smart system using artificial intelligence (AI), big data and analytics, grid operators will definitely not cope with the changing electrical loads and the increasing penetration of renewable energy into the grid.

Also, at its core, AI is a series of systems that act intelligently, using complex algorithms to recognize patterns, draw inferences and support decision-making processes through their own cognitive judgment, the way people do.

How can AI support the large integration of renewable energy?

Since renewable energy is very intermittent in nature as we would expect because there is no constant wind or solar generation due to weather changes, renewables such as solar and wind can be unreliable and many utility companies utilize energy storage (batteries or pumped hydro) to deal with this issue.

Excess solar or wind power is stored during low demand times and used when energy demand goes high. As a result, AI can improve the reliability of solar and wind power by analyzing enormous amounts of meteorological data and using this information to make predictions and knowing when to gather, store and distribute wind or solar power.

smart grid AIOn the other hand, AI used in smart grids can be used to balance the grid especially when rooftop solar and other decentralized renewable energy are involved and put into the grid. AI systems utilizing neural networks or complex algorithms to recognize patterns associated with various loads (electric vehicles or energy storage) and increased rooftop solar or other forms of distributed energy (wind or solar) which can make the system to be unstable. The most efficient way to balance this variability in the system is through AI in analyzing grids before and after they absorb smaller units, and in working to reduce congestion.

The IRENA’s report Innovation Landscape for a Renewable Powered Future explains these new AI tools and digital technologies that will support the deployment of renewables as the power sector complexity continues to increase.

According to IRENA, most of the advances currently supported by AI have been in advanced weather and renewable power generation forecasting and in predictive maintenance. However, in the future, AI and big data will further enhance decision-making, planning and supply chain optimization while increasing the overall energy efficiency of the energy systems.

For the renewable energy sector, AI and analytics can support it in several ways such as better monitoring, operation, and maintenance of renewable energy.

Internet of Things

Smart building technology

The smart building technology is a new and smart way of living. It’s smart, because it’s modern and up to date with the newest technological ways of doing things. It’s above all smart in the way that it makes people save money by having a lot less bills to pay.

In this day and age most homes have at least one smart thing already in them: a smart phone, which pretty much does everything a regular phone can do but also does a lot more. Smart phones are easy to use for everybody from little children to grandparents, because they’re simple but very effective when used correctly. Contrasting smart phones to smart building technology isn’t fair though, even though smart building technology may seem like the smaller step from here on out.

All smart buildings have smart devices, which are all connected to each other via smart hubs that improve the smart building technology with effortless connectivity, perfect control and well-thought automation processes.

That is precisely where smart building technology starts to be smart: it’s smart because it makes everything so easy for people, requiring next to no work at all to take full advantage of all the benefits smart buildings can provide. So what exactly does smart building technology do?

For starters it saves money like nothing else before it ever could by making sure that your energy bill will be as low as possible – only raising when necessary – through efforts like keeping track of electricity usage or having smart meters installed.

That’s not the end of smart building technology though. It also makes sure that your smart home is smart, because smart building technology includes smart tools which will help you with things like smart security, smart heating & cooling systems and smart lighting controls.

But smart buildings are far more than just a bunch of smart devices in one location. Smart buildings are ahead in the game when it comes to innovation for multiple reasons, namely their ability to be constantly upgraded by simply installing new software on top of an already existing smart building system without the need for tearing everything down and starting all over again.

This way smart buildings can stay up-to-date with newer technologies while still being safe from harm, unlike traditional buildings – where every time there needs to be work done on them they must be down for an extended period of time.

These smart building technology smart systems are all controlled via smart hubs that are located at the heart of smart buildings, which is usually someplace near the controller or owner of the smart building.

This way smart building technology can be used to start up smart devices with a single tap on a smartphone or tablet, connect smart kitchen appliances to make meals easier to prepare and even turn off TVs when there’s no one in the room thanks to smart lighting control systems.

All this makes smart buildings without question smarter than regular ones – which is why they’re called “smart” buildings instead of just regular ones. Still though, this only scratches the surface of what smart buildings can do…

Solar smart roofs
Solar smart roofs make smart buildings even smarter by providing smart energy for smart devices, or they can charge up smart cars if there’s enough room left over after installing the solar panels on top of the smart building itself. All this makes it possible to commandeer solar power from almost anywhere at any time, making smart buildings 10 times as effective as regular ones when it comes to collecting smart energy.

What adds to that is that fact that smart hubs in these types of smart buildings utilize their own solar power generation systems via rooftop installations, which means next to no other energy form is needed – besides what you need for your kitchen appliances and/or your car(s). In a sense this means all other forms of smart energy can and will be completely eliminated in smart buildings with solar smart roofs.

Having smart devices connect to smart hubs that in turn use their own smart systems to collect smart energy is certainly one of the first steps towards making smart buildings the smartest thing possible, but it’s not smart enough by itself… That’s because all these other forms of energy are still needed for other things like heating & cooling your home, which makes this kind of smart building technology nothing more than a step in the right direction – albeit a big one indeed!

This is why you should also consider adding products like electric car chargers into your smart building technology system if you want your home or office to truly be as smart as it possibly can be. With smart home technology smart cars and smart smart building technology smart vehicles will always have a place to recharge, which in turn makes smart homes smart even when they’re not using smart devices or smart hubs. If you add smart bins into the mix you’ll be able to throw away trash with the help of your smartphone too – making it one hundred times more easy than before. Learn more about smart homes technology with energy solutions.

smarthomeBecause of the volatility of global oil prices, the cost of energy will continue to increase proportionately and especially when our energy demand continues to depend on finite fossil fuels. Similarly, the cost of energy for an average building in the USA or globally will continue to increase proportionately when the main source is from fossil fuels because the price for energy continues to increase due to volatility of oil prices. Solar PV and increased connectivity is an option that seems very promising and could help to reduce or mitigate the issue of climate change and increasing energy prices.

The advent of AI in energy management

Artificial intelligence technologyThe advent of new technologies such as big data analytics, machine learning and Artificial Intelligence (AI), robotics and blockchain allows for smart building energy management systems that can provide monitoring made possible through the Internet of Things (IoT), advanced data analytics and via wireless connections.

Looking in the future, solar is likely to be sold as a core part of the smart building concept that includes a building energy management system, energy storage, Electric Vehicle (EV) charging and smart appliances. This makes more sense because sourcing all the energy from solar will help to save more money and help to achieve sustainability. Also, EV and smart appliances can help to balance the grid for instance, electric vehicles can be used as temporary storage to connected appliances to reduce power usage when needed.

IoTAlso, in the energy management space, lighting and HVAC integration are the two most common systems integrated into the smart building strategy to reduce the energy footprint, but the IoT industry has opened the door to more sensors and hence increased intelligence through data collection. Some of the most common IoT sensors have applications for smart metering, occupancy sensors, water detection, humidity sensors, contact sensors, and carbon monoxide detection among many others.

Internet of Things

The whole idea of making your building smart is to allow you to make more informed decisions about the building based on the data it provides. Data is aggregated via IoT (Internet of Things) controls and sensors in a web-based platform that can be monitored, controlled and acted upon in real-time or perhaps using your cellphone. The main advantage of having a smart building is to help facility and property managers gain insight into the detailed workings of their locations and gather useful data to improve building performance and efficiency.

Advantages of integrating solar in a smart building:

  •  Smart buildings utilize machine learning algorithms and can be able to forecast your energy consumption and through demand response mechanisms solar consumption by the building can be increased in times of high solar generation and vice-versa. Through IoT smart appliances can be remotely controlled digitally to adopt on-site demand. For instance, heat pumps, heat storage batteries and air conditioning units can be optimized with solar generation and be a way of using excess solar electricity as heat.
  • Battery storage and smart electric vehicle charging when integrated with solar PV could significantly increase solar consumption for some households and businesses and especially when solar PV is combined with battery storage.
  • Deep machine learning and artificial intelligence when integrated with your smart appliances and solar can help to forecast and manage generation and consumption as well as voice activation technology to make systems more user-friendly.
  • Generally, smart buildings through optimization increase energy efficiency, comfort and safety and with solar PV, more energy is saved reducing your energy footprint.

This article explained how the smart building concept can help to reduce energy consumption and allow for the integration of solar PV, EV charging and IoT helping you reduce your energy footprint to achieve sustainability. However, a key question is whether these smart building technologies can currently pay for themselves? Do they currently increase or decrease the return on investment on installation when combined with solar?  EnergySage is a great starting point to help you figure out your energy savings when it comes to going solar.